This study prepared by INERIS for CEWEP, ESWET and FEAD addresses the question of performance of monitoring techniques for air emissions, in particular in the framework of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED). Its focus is on the reliability and accuracy of measurements at very low concentrations, which has significant implications on the drawing up of Best available techniques REFerence documents (BREFs), the setting of IED-based BAT-Associated Emission Levels (BATAELs) and the relative BATAEL-based ELVs.
 
This updated version of the study was done to take into account the comments that were made on the original study, published in summer 2016, by national experts of different Member States and from experts of the European IPPC Bureau. It also includes additional results of measurement campaign obtained by INERIS during tests for certification confirmation where laboratories are compared, which illustrate the relative uncertainties as a function of concentrations.
 
The report concludes that for several substances high measurement uncertainty is observed at significantly lower concentrations than the IED’s ELVs, therefore it is desirable to maintain daily ELVs at levels necessary to keep a minimal risk when declaring whether an AMS is compliant or not in respect with standard requirements.

The report is available for download here.

In an interview with Mr. Jean-Marc Boursier, president of FEAD, and Group Senior Executive VP in charge of Finance and Northern Europe Recycling & Recovery activities at SUEZ, FEAD explores how he thinks recycling targets can be achieved:

Q: Are the recycling targets in the Waste Framework Directive and the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive too ambitious?

JMB: Of course, they are ambitious as their success depends on many external factors. We hear the word recycling a lot, but I would like to emphasise that “recycling” is not something that exists because we say it does. Recycling exists because there is a market that collects material to be recycled and further reincorporated into new products: the private waste management market... (read more)